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Biology is the discipline in science, which seeks to understand the organisation of the organic world through an exploration of the structure and function of life forms at the molecular, cellular, organismal and ecosystem levels, as well as the complex interactions and interdependencies which occur at each of these levels. This knowledge provides the foundation for understanding the opportunities for promoting the well-being of humans and other living organisms in the environment. It generates an awareness of the importance of our biodiversity and the unique role of humans in conserving, protecting and improving the quality of the biological environment for future generations.

The CSEC Biology Syllabus is redesigned with a greater emphasis on the application of scientific concepts and principles. It recognises the need for an understanding of some of the basic principles of Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics, and, therefore seeks to strengthen the inter-relationship with these subjects. It also recognises the inter-relatedness among the topics in Biology, and social and environmental issues. Such an approach is adopted to develop those long-term transferable skills of ethical conduct, teamwork, problem-solving, critical thinking, and innovation and communication. It encourages the use of various teaching and learning strategies to inculcate these skills that will prove useful in everyday life, while at the same time catering to multiple intelligences and different learning styles and needs. It will provide a sound foundation to pursue the study of Life Sciences and related professions at the postsecondary level.

The syllabus is arranged in three sections namely:

Section A Living Organisms in the Environment
Section B Life Processes and Disease
Section C Continuity and Variation